Foreign language anxiety: A study at Ufuk University Preparatory School

Ceyhun Karabıyık, Neslihan Özkan

Abstract


This study researched the levels of Foreign Language Anxiety (FLA) exhibited by Turkish undergraduates and effects of gender, age, and previous preparatory class experience on FLA at Ufuk University Preparatory School, Ankara. 124 preparatory school students have participated in the study. Data were collected via the the Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS), which was developed by Horwitz, Horwitz and Cope (1986) and adapted to Turkish by Aydın (2001). Scale administration was done via the Ufuk University online questionnaire system. Analysis of the quantitative data unveiled that Ufuk University Preparatory School students had moderate levels of FLA. Besides, age was found to be casting a significant effect on FLA.  On the other hand, previous preparatory class experience, and gender were found to have no significant effect on the FLA levels of Ufuk University Preparatory School students.


Keywords


Foreign language anxiety, previous preparatory class experience, age, gender

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aida, Y. (1994). Examination of Horwitz, Horwitz, and Cope’s construct of foreign language anxiety: The case of students of Japanese. Modern Language Journal, 78, pp. 155-168.

Atay, D., and Kurt, G. (2006). Prospective teachers and L2 writing anxiety. Asian EFL Journal, 8, 100-118.

Ay, S. (2010). Young adolescent students' foreign language anxiety in relation to language skills at different levels. Journal of International Social Research, 3(11), 83-91.

Aydın, B. (2001). A study of sources of foreign language classroom anxiety in speaking and writing classes (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Anadolu University, Turkey.

Aydin, S. (2008). An investigation on the language anxiety and fear of negative evaluation among Turkish EFL learners. Asian EFL Journal, 30(1), 421-444.

Aydin, S. (2011). Internet anxiety among foreign language learners. TechTrends: Linking Research and Practice to Improve Learning, 55(2), 46-54.

Aydın, S., Harputlu, L., Savran Çelik, Ş., Uştuk, Ö. & Güzel, S. (2017). Age, gender and grade effect on foreign language anxiety among children. TEFLIN Journal, 28(2), 133-154.

Aydın, S., & Takkaç, M. (2007). The relationship between gender and test anxiety among ESL learners. Journal of Graduate School of Social Sciences of Ataturk University, 9(1), 259-266.

Aydın, S., Yavuz, F., & Yeşilyurt, S. (2006). Test Anxiety in Foreign Language Learning. Balıkesir University Journal of Social Sciences Institute, 9, 145-160.

Bailey, K. M. (1983). Competitiveness and anxiety in adult second language learning: Looking at and through the diary studies. In H. Seliger, & M. Long (eds.), Classroom oriented research in second language acquisition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House Publishers, 67-102.

Balemir, S. H. (2009). The Sources of Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety and the Relationship Between Proficiency Level and Degree of Foreign Language Speaking Anxiety (Unpublished Master’s Thesis), Bilkent University, Turkey.

Batumlu, D. Z. ve Erden, M. (2007). The relationship between foreign language anxiety and english achievement of Yıldız Technical Unıversity School of foreign languages preparatory students. Egitimde Kuram ve Uygulama, 3(1), 24-38.

Black, S. (1993). Learning languages. Executive Educator, 15, 33–36.

Bunrueng, P. (2008). Anxiety in Studying English for Communication of Loei Jajhabat University Students. ICER 2008, 100-109.

Campbell C. M. ve Ortiz, J. (1991). Helping students overcome foreign language anxiety: A foreign language anxiety workshop. In E. K. Horwitz and D. J. Young (Eds.), Language anxiety: From theory to research to classroom implications, 153 – 168. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Campbell, C. M., & Shaw, V. M. (1994). Language anxiety and gender differences in adult second language learners: Exploring the relationship. In C. A. Klee (Ed.), Faces in a crowd: The individual learner in multi section courses, Boston: Heinle & Heinle, pp. 215-244.

Çakar, G. G. (2009). The relationship between past learning experiences and foreign language anxiety of Turkish university students (Unpublished Master’s Thesis), Bilkent University, Turkey.

Çakici, D. (2016). The correlation among EFL learners’ test anxiety, foreign language anxiety and language achievement. English Language Teaching, 9(8), 190 – 203.

Dalkılıç, N. (2001). An investigation into the role of anxiety in second language learning (Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation), Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey).

Dewaele, J. M. (2007). The effect of multilingualism, sociobiographical, and situational factors on communicative anxiety and foreign language anxiety of mature language learners. International Journal of Bilingualism, 11(4), 391-409.

Elkhafaifi, H. 2005. Listening Comprehension and Anxiety in the Arabic Language Classroom. The Modern Language Journal, 89, 206-220.

Field, A. (2013). Discovering Statistics Using IBM SPSS Statistics (4th ed.). UK: Sage Publications Ltd. VitalBook file.

Ganschow, L., Sparks, R.L., Anderson, R., Javorsky, J., Skinner, S., & Patton. J. (1994). Differences in language performance among high, average, and low anxious college foreign language learners. The Modern Language Journal, 78(1), 41-55.

Gregersen, T. S. (2003). To Err Is Human: A Reminder to Teachers of Language-Anxious Students. Foreign Language Annals, 36(1), 25-32.

Gregerson, T., and Horwitz, E.K. (2002). Language learning and perfectionism: anxious and non-anxious language learners’ reactions to their own oral performance. Modern Language Journal, 86, 562-571.

Guiora, A. Z. (1983). The dialectic of language acquisition. Language Learning, 33, 3-12.

Horwitz, E.K. (1986). Preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of a foreign language anxiety scale. The Modern Language Journal, 70(2), 125-132.

Horwitz, E. K., Horwitz, M. B., & Cope, J. (1986). Foreign language classroom anxiety. The Modern Language Journal, 70(2), 125-132.

Horwitz, E. K., & Young, D. J. (Eds.). (1991). Language anxiety: From theory and research to classroom implications, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Huck, S. W. (2011). Reading Statistics and Research (6th ed.). Pearson Learning Solutions. VitalBook file.

Kao, P. C., & Craigie, P. (2010). Foreign language anxiety and English achievement in Taiwanese undergraduate English-major students: An empirical study. Bulletin of Hung Kuang University, 61, 49-62.

Kırmızı, Ö. & Kırmızı, G. D. (2015). An investigation of L2 learners’ writing self-efficacy, writing anxiety and its causes at higher education in Turkey. International Journal of Higher Education, 4(2), 57 – 66.

Koralp, S. (2005). A retrospective analysis of the English language learning anxiety experienced by prospective teachers of English (Unpublished Doctoral dissertation), Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Northern Cyprus.

Köse, E. (2005). Impact of dialogue journals on language anxiety and classroom affect, (Unpublished master's thesis). Ankara: Bilkent University

Kuru-Gonen, S. I. (2005). The sources of foreign language reading anxiety of students in a Turkish EFL context (Unpublished dissertation). Anadolu University, Turkey.

Lieberman, P. (1984). The biology and evolution of language. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

MacIntyre, P. & Gardner, R. (1989). Anxiety and second language learning: Toward a theoretical clarification. Language Learning, 39(2), 251-275.

MacIntyre, P.D. & Gardner, R.C. (1993). A student’s contributions to second-language learning. Part II: Affective variables. Language Teaching, 26, 1-11.

MacIntyre, P. & Gardner, R. (1994). The subtle effects of language anxiety on cognitive processing in the second language. Language Learning, 44, 283-305.

Matsuda, S. & Gobel, P. 2004. Anxiety and predictors of performance in the foreign language classroom. System, 32(1), 21-36.

Onwuegbuzie, A.J., Bailey, P. & Daley, C.E. (1999). Factors associated with foreign

language anxiety. Applied Psycholinguistics, 20, 217-239.

Öztürk, G., & Gürbüz, N. (2013). The impact of gender on foreign language speaking anxiety and motivation. Akdeniz Language Studies Conference. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 70, 654-665.

Saito, Y., Horwitz, E.K. & Garza, T.J. (1999). Foreign language reading anxiety. The Modern Language Journal, 83, 202-218.

Saltan, F. (2003). EFL speaking anxiety: How do students and teachers perceive it? (Unpublished master’s thesis). Middle East Technical University, Turkey.

Salthouse T. A. &Somberg B. L. (1982).Time–accuracy relationships in young and old adults. Journal of Gerontology 37, 349-353.

Stephenson, J. (2007). Gender as a predicator of Anxiety in Foreign Language Learning. The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences, 2 (4), 495-501.

Von Wörde, R. (2003). “Students’ Perspectives on Foreign Language Anxiety”. Inquiry, 8, (1), 1-15.

Watson, D., & Friend, R. (1969). Measurement of social-evaluative anxiety. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 33, 448-457.

Young, D. J. (1991). Creating a Low-Anxiety Classroom Environment: What Does Language Anxiety Research Suggest? The Modern Language Journal, 75 (4), 426-439.

Zhang, L.J. (2001). Exploring variability in language anxiety: Two groups of PRC students learning ESL in Singapore. RELC Journal, 32 (1), 73-91.

Zheng, Y. (2008). Anxiety and Second/Foreign Language Learning Revisited. Canadian Journal for New Scholars in Education, 1, 2-4.

Zulkifli, V. (2007). Language Classroom Anxiety: A Comparative Study of ESL Learners. Asian Journal of University Education, 3(2), 75-100.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


  Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies
ISSN 1305-578X (Online)
Copyright © 2005-2017 by Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies